What is Bacterial Vaginosis and how to prevent it

Understanding Bacterial Vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis is one of the problems of femininity that occurs due to disruption of bacterial balance in the vagina. The main symptom of bacterial vaginosis is whitish with a watery texture and gray or white. Sometimes the vaginal discharge smells fishy, ​​especially after the patient has sexual intercourse with his partner. Also, bacterial vaginosis can also cause vaginal itching and pain, and sore when urinating. But, these three symptoms are not common to experience.
This can be experienced by women of all ages, although most of these cases occur in those who are still in the fertile period.

Causes of Bacterial Vaginosis

The bacteria present in the vagina is dominated by lactobacillus bacteria, which is about 95 percent. This is a good bacteria because it helps limit the growth of bad bacteria (one anaerobic bacteria) in the vagina by keeping the acidity of the organ. But, in the case of bacterial vaginosis, the number of lactobacillus bacteria becomes less than the presence of other bacteria.
Although up to now experts do not know the exact cause of the imbalance of bacterial growth. Some factors may increase the risk of women exposed to bv, including:
  • Using spiral or intrauterine device contraception
  • Doing douching or vaginal cleaning techniques by spraying.
  • Smoke.
  • Not using condoms and often changing sexual partners.

Diagnosis of Bacterial Vaginosis

If you are a woman and experience abnormal vaginal discharge such as: smelling unpleasant, textured thin and gray. Then immediately go for a doctor for examination.
In addition to the information about the symptoms felt by the patient and his lifestyle, doctors can also make the diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis more thoroughly through the procedure of swab vagina. Through this method, a whitish sample will be taken for further investigation in the laboratory to find out whether there is a bacterial imbalance in the vagina and to measure its acidity.
Actually it is not just bv that needs to be feared if experiencing abnormal vaginal discharge. Because these symptoms can also be the sign of other conditions such as: Gonorrhea, trichomoniasis or sexually transmitted infections due to T richomonas vaginalis parasite. Therefore, a doctor’s examination needs to be done immediately.

Treatment of Bacterial Vaginosis

Because bacterial vaginosis is caused by bacteria, the treatment can be done with antibiotics such as Antibiotic Metronidazole. Metronidazole is not only available in tablet form, but also in the form of an ointment. It’s intended for women who are breastfeeding given that the effect of using metrodinazole tablets may have an impact on breast milk.
It is important to always adhere to these drug use guidelines from your physician or from the dosing instructions contained on the product packaging for effective treatment. Treatment with antibiotics generally lasts in the long-term to prevent BV reappearing.
In some people, the use of metronidazole can cause side effects such as:
  • The taste of metal in the mouth
  • Nausea
  • Missing appetite
  • Gag
To avoid the more severe side effects, do not consume alcoholic beverages during treatment with metronidazole. Also, ask your doctor to prescribe alternative antibiotics if metronidazole has side effects that are quite disturbing.
For example you become vomiting or have an allergic reaction. An alternative antibiotic that is usually prescribed for the treatment of BV is the clindamycin ointment.
During the treatment of BV, you are also advised not to do things that can thwart recovery, such as cleaning the inside of the vagina with soap, either beauty or antiseptic soap or cleaning the vagina by spraying.
If vaginitis is triggered by the use of a spiral or intrauterine device contraceptive (IUD), it is advisable to switch to another form of contraception.

Bacterial Vaginosis Complications

Bacterial vaginosis is not a serious and easily treatable disease, but it should not be considered trivial because this condition has the potential to cause complications if ignored (although the risk is small).
Some complications that may occur in cases of bacterial vaginosis are:
  • sexually transmitted infections
  • pelvic inflammatory disease
  • preterm birth in pregnant women
Therefore, if you are pregnant and have symptoms of vaginitis, such as abnormal vaginal discharge, see your doctor immediately as a preventive measure.

Prevention of Bacterial Vaginosis

Using this 5 steps method to BV no more in 3 days. You also can minimize the risk of BV or by doing things that can disrupt the balance of bacteria inside the vagina, for example:
  • Do not use special deodorants for the vagina
  • Do not clean the inside of the vagina by spraying, using a beauty soap, or with an antiseptic cleaner.
  • Do not wash underwear by using laundry soap with harsh chemical content.

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